standards

National Institute Of Standards And Technology

Whether finish product or element, an artifact is ‘for something’, and what it’s for is known as the artifact’sfunction. Several researchers have emphasized that an adequate description of artifacts should refer each to their status as tangible physical objects and to the intentions of the people engaged with them. Kroes and Meijers have dubbed this view “the dual nature of technical artifacts”; its most mature formulation is Kroes 2012. They counsel that the 2 features are ‘tied up’, so to speak, in the notion of artifact function.

  • The time period “robot” was coined by Czechoslovakian playwright Karel Capek in 1920 — “robota” being a Czech word for tedious labor — however the first real industrial robot was inbuilt 1954 by George Devol.
  • As these developments challenge our basic assumptions about technology and enterprise, we’re entering a new landscape with no rules or expectations.
  • Synthetic information and pictures, chatbots and AR